Prostate Cancer : Prostate cancer Symptoms and Causes - 12 Warning Signs of Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer Overview

Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men.
Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in a man's prostate (a small walnut-shaped gland that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm).
Prostate cancer usually grows slowly and initially stays limited to the prostate gland, where it may not cause serious harm. While a few types of prostate cancer grow slowly and may need minimal or no treatment, other types are aggressive and can spread quickly.
Normal Prostate v/s Enlarged Prostate 
Some prostate cancers can grow and spread quickly, but most grow slowly. If Prostate cancer is detected early when it's limited to the prostate gland it has a better possibility of successful treatment.

Sign and symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Early Signs and Symptoms of Prostate cancer:

✓  the need to urinate more often, especially at night.

✓  difficulty in starting to urinate or pee (hesitancy)

✓  Blood in the urine or semen (hematuria)

✓  Trouble getting an erection (impotence)

✓  Weakness or numbness in the legs or feet, or even loss of bladder or bowel control from cancer pressing on the spinal cord.

✓  Passing urine more often than usual, especially at night

✓  weak flow

✓  feeling that your bladder has not emptied fully

✓  Painful ejaculation

✓  Swelling in legs or pelvic area

✓  Bone pain that doesn't go away, or leads to fractures

✓  Numbness/ Frequent pain or stiffness in the lower back, chest (ribs), hips,feet or upper thighs

Prostate Cancer Causes

Risk factors of Prostate cancer :-

It's not clear what causes prostate cancer. However, some Factors that can increase your risk of prostate cancer include:

♥ Prostate Cancer Causes: Age

Age is the most most important risk factor for prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is rare among men under the age of 45. But, Prostate cancer is more common in people above aged 50. About 6 in 10 cases of prostate cancer are found in men over the age of 65.   

15 Tips to Prevent Prostate Cancer

♥ Prostate Cancer Causes: Race/ethnicity

Prostate cancer is more common among certain racial groups - in the USA prostate cancer is significantly more common and also more fatal among Afro-Americans than White-Americans.
This difference seems to be due to a mixture of inherited genes and environmental factors. When men move from a country where the prostate cancer risk is low to one where it is higher their risk increases. 

♥ Prostate Cancer Causes: Country wise

Prostate cancer is most common in North America, northwestern Europe, Australia, and on Caribbean islands. It is less common in Asia, Africa, Central America, and South America.

Although, the reasons for this are not clear. Factors such as lifestyle differences, diet, etc. may be a reason.

♥ Prostate Cancer Causes: Family history

Prostate cancer may be an inherited or genetic factor. Having a father or brother with prostate cancer doubles a man's risk of developing Prostate cancer disease compared to other men.

♥ Prostate Cancer Causes: Genes

Researchers have found several inherited gene changes that appear to raise prostate cancer risk, but they probably account for only a small number of cases overall. Researchers have found that men with Lynch syndrome may have a higher risk of prostate cancer than other men.
Some inherited gene changes also raise the risk for more than one type of cancer. For example, inherited mutations of the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes are the reason that breast and ovarian cancers.

♥ Prostate Cancer Causes: Diet

Men who lack vitamin D, eat fewer fruits and vegetables and a lot of red meat or high-fat dairy products appear to have a slightly higher chance of getting prostate cancer.

♥ Prostate Cancer Causes: Exercise  

Men who exercise regularly have found to be at lower risk of developing prostate cancer.

♥ Prostate Cancer Causes: Obesity

Most studies have found that being overweight is connected with a higher risk of getting prostate cancer. It is found that greater risk of metastasis and death among obese people who develop prostate cancer.

♥ Prostate Cancer Causes: Smoking

Most studies have not found a link between smoking and the risk of developing prostate cancer.

Sexually transmitted infections
Men who have had gonorrhea have a higher chance of developing prostate cancer.

♥ Prostate Cancer Causes: Vasectomy 

Some earlier studies had suggested that men who have had a vasectomy (minor surgery to make men infertile) – particularly those younger than 35 at the time of the procedure – may have a slightly increased risk for prostate cancer. But most recent studies have not found any increased risk among men who have had this operation. Fear of an increased risk of prostate cancer should not be a reason to avoid a vasectomy.

♥ Prostate Cancer Causes: Medication

Some studies suggest that daily use of anti-inflammatory medicines may increase risk of prostate cancer.

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