Type 2 diabetes Diet Plan | How to check Blood Sugar Level at Home

Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Age

As many as three million Americans may have Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes currently affects more than 371 million people worldwide and is expected to affect 552 million by 2030.

Type 1 diabetes usually occurs during childhood or adolescence. Type 2 diabetes, which is the most common form of the disease, usually occurs in people who are 45 years of age or older. However, the rate of diagnosis of type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents is increasing. Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease that happens when the cells of the body can't use insulin the right way or when the pancreas can't make enough insulin.

Type 2 diabetes Diet Plan / Type 2 diabetes Eating Plan

a) Carbohydrates
Taking a right diet is very essential in diabetes

Eat carbohydrates rich fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes (beans, peas and lentils) and low-fat dairy products.

b) Fiber
Foods high in fiber include vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes (beans, peas and lentils), whole-wheat flour and wheat bran.

c) 'Good' fats
such as avocados, almonds, pecans, walnuts, olives, and canola, olive and peanut oils — can help lower your cholesterol levels. Eat them sparingly, however, as all fats are high in calories.

Foods to avoid in type 2 diabetes 

Type 2 diabetes Diet Chart

Curd is a good option for diabetes
Egg-white omelet with vegetables (spinach, mushrooms, peppers and/or onions)
One orange
Coffee with skim milk
Plain large flake oatmeal, cooked, 175 mL (¾ cup)

2 cups hearty, low-sodium soup (lentil, black bean or minestrone) topped with  cup shredded
reduced-fat cheese
Crunchy red-pepper sticks

Nonfat yogurt
1 apple

Homemade shrimp-and-broccoli stir-fry
¾ cup cooked brown rice
Zero-calorie seltzer

  Type 2 diabetes Blood Sugar and glucose levels

Check your Blood glucose (blood sugar) and Cholesterol at regular Basis - Keep your blood sugar and cholesterol under control. Talk to your doctor about how often to check.

Benefits of Blood Sugar Testing

♦ Blood sugar testing provides useful information for diabetes management.

♦ Blood sugar testing helps in Judging how well you're reaching overall treatment goals

♦ Blood sugar testing helps in Understanding how diet and exercise is affecting blood sugar levels

♦ Blood sugar testing helps in Monitoring the effect of diabetes medications on blood sugar levels

♦ Blood sugar testing helps in Identifying blood sugar levels that are dangerously high or low.

Blood Sugar Goals

Normal and diabetic blood sugar ranges

For the majority of healthy individuals, normal blood sugar levels are as follows:
>> Normal blood glucose level in humans is about 4 mM (4 mmol/L or 72 mg/dL)
When operating normally the body restores blood sugar levels to a range of 4.4 to 6.1 mmol/L (82 to 110 mg/dL)

>> Shortly after a meal the blood glucose level may rise temporarily up to 7.8 mmol/L (140 mg/dL)

For individuals with diabetes, blood sugar level targets are as follows:

>> Before meals: 4 to 7 mmol/L for people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes.

>> After meals: under 9 mmol/L for people with type 1 and 8.5mmol/L for people with type 2 diabetes.

TOP 10 Foods that do NOT affect the blood sugar

How to check Blood Sugar level

Here are some steps to check Blood Sugar Level:

Step 1: After washing your hands, insert a test strip into your meter.

Step 2: Use your lancing device on the side of your fingertip to get a drop of blood.

Step 3: Touch and hold the edge of the test strip to the drop of blood, and wait for the result.

Step 4: Your blood glucose level will appear on the meter's display.

Step 5: You can write down the results and the time that you tested your blood. But most meters will store results for many days or weeks, so you can always go back later and retrieve them.

Note: All meters are slightly different, so always refer to your user's manual for specific instructions.

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