Cancer Treatment : Cancer Treatment Types in Detail | Cancer Success Story

Cancer Treatment:

Cancer Treatment Types

The most common types of cancer treatment are surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, Targeted Therapy, Immunotherapy, Laser Therapy and Photodynamic therapy or PDT.
Given below are some of the common types of Cancer treatments in detail.

1. Surgery

Surgery can be used to diagnose, treat, or even help prevent cancer in some cases. Surgery involves various surgical procedures used to treat many types of cancer. Most people with cancer will have some type of surgery. In most of the cases Surgery offers the greatest chance for cure, especially if the cancer has not spread to other parts of the body.

2. Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy (chemo) is the use of medicines or drugs to treat cancer. Chemotherapy works by slowing down or stopping the growth of cancer cells.

Chemotherapy may also include the use of antibiotics or other medications to treat any illness or infection.
Chemotherapy can treat cancer throughout the body, even in places where the cancer may not be able to be seen.

3. Radiation Therapy or Radiotherapy
Radiation Therapy

Radiation Therapy is one of the most common treatments for cancer. Radiation therapy uses high-energy particles or waves, such as x-rays, gamma rays, electron beams, or protons, to destroy or damage cancer cells. Radiation therapy is also called radiotherapy, irradiation, or x-ray therapy. The goal of this treatment is to destroy cancer cells without harming nearby healthy tissue.

Radiation therapy can also be used to shrink tumors and reduce pressure, pain, and other symptoms of cancer (called palliative radiation therapy) when it is not possible to completely eliminate the disease.About half of all cancer patients receive some type of radiation therapy sometime during the course of their treatment.

4. Targeted Therapy

Targeted Therapy is a newer type of cancer treatment that uses drugs or other substances to more precisely identify and attack cancer cells, usually while doing little damage to normal cells. Targeted therapy is a growing part of many cancer treatment regimens.

In Targeted therapy targeted drugs can be used as the main treatment for some cancers, but in most cases they’re used along with other treatments such as chemo, surgery and radiation therapy.These targeted drugs work differently from standard chemotherapy (chemo) drugs. They often have different (and less severe) side effects.

Difference between Targeted therapy and Chemotherapy :-

Targeted therapies act on specific molecular targets that are associated with cancer, while most standard chemo-therapies act on all rapidly dividing normal and cancerous cells.

Targeted therapies are deliberately chosen or designed to interact with their target, whereas numerous standard chemo-therapies were identified because they kill cells.

Targeted therapies block tumor cell spreading, whereas standard chemotherapy agents kill tumor cells

5. Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy is emerging method of cancer treatment, which gets on immune system to fight the cancer cells. Immunotherapy stimulates your own immune system to work harder or smarter to attack cancer cells

→ It provides you immune system components, such as man-made immune system proteins.

→ It boost the body’s immune system in a very general way. Also, help train the immune system to attack cancer cells specifically.

→ The best part is that this treatment is painless and with no side effects like other traditional therapies.
Click Here For Cancer Prevention: Simple Ways to Prevent Cancer

6. Hyperthermia

Hyperthermia (also called thermal therapy or thermotherapy) is a type of cancer treatment in which body tissue is exposed to high temperatures (up to 113°F  to damage and kill cancer cells or to make cancer cells more sensitive to the effects of radiation and certain anti-cancer drugs.
Hyperthermia is almost always used with other forms of cancer therapy, such as radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

7. Stem Cell Transplant (Peripheral Blood, Bone Marrow, and Cord Blood Transplants)

A stem cell transplant (sometimes called a bone marrow transplant) is a medical procedure in which diseased bone marrow is replaced by highly specialized stem cells that develop into healthy bone marrow.
Bone marrow transplantation and peripheral blood stem cell transplantation are procedures that restore stem cells that were destroyed by high doses of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy.

This technique is used to replace bone marrow that isn’t working or has been destroyed by disease, chemo, or radiation

8. Photodynamic therapy or PDT
Photodynamic Therapy

Photodynamic therapy also known as photoradiation therapy, phototherapy, or photochemotherapy is a treatment that uses special drugs, called photosensitizing agents, along with light to kill cancer cells. The drugs only work after they have been activated or “turned on” by certain kinds of light.
PDT is also popularly used in treating acne.

9. Laser Therapy or Laser Treatment

Laser therapy uses light to treat cancer cells. The word LASER stands for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation.

Laser therapy uses high-intensity light to treat cancer. Lasers can be used to shrink or destroy tumors or precancerous growths. Lasers are most commonly used to treat superficial cancers (cancers on the surface of the body or the lining of internal organs)

Laser Therapy is used to:

 → shrink or destroy tumors, polyps, or precancerous growths
 → relieve symptoms of cancer

Laser Treatment is used in many types of cancers like:
♦ Vocal cords Cancer         ♦ Esophagus Cancer          ♦ Vulvar Cancer

♦ Cervical Cancer               ♦ Skin Cancer

♦ Lung Cancer                   ♦ Vaginal

10. Hormone Therapy 

Hormone therapy is most often used as an adjuvant therapy to help reduce the risk of the cancer coming back after surgery.It can also be used as neoadjuvant treatment. It is also used to treat cancer that has come back after treatment or has spread.

Cancer Success Story

Given below is a success Story of a guy who won his fight against Cancer.

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